|Republic of Carraway Island|
|Motto: "Loq tad sef-plaqued" (Verqul)
"A Land Unto Itself"
|Anthem: "The Pit"|
|Recognized regional languages:||Spanish
Verqul (for education)
Verqulan (for natives)
|Type:||Unitary presidential constitutional republic|
|- Vice President||FalconStorm|
|Independence from United States|
|- Declared||June 9, 1929|
|- Recognized||October 26, 1929|
|- Constitution||November 8, 1931|
|Land Area:||2,042 sq mi|
|Highest Elevation:||Mt. Draconleo
|Lowest Elevation:||Sea level
|Currency:||United States dollar|
|Time Zone:||CIST (UTC-9)|
|Drives on the||right|
Carraway Island, officially the Republic of Carraway Island and sometimes still referred to as Tad Verq, is an island country in the Northern Pacific Ocean, about 200 miles northwest from San Francisco in the United States. The nation comprises the entirety of the geographical Carraway Island (known to early natives as "Tad Verq") and several smaller islands that surround the main body; the largest of these islands is Haverford Island and the smallest is Rolf Island.
The island was first inhabited about 1,500 years ago and modern American settlement began in 1806. The island remained an unincorporated, yet populated, territory of the United States from 1806 until the Battle of Kempton on June 9, 1929. A formal constitution was adopted on November 8, 1931, and is currently on display at the Carrawayan Archives.
The island is divided into five counties, which are roughly analogous to counties in the United States, despite the fact that there is nothing on the island analogous to a U.S. State. This makes Carraway Island a unitary presidential constitutional republic, with elections held every 5 years, coinciding with each island-wide census.
Carraway Island is a developed country with a relatively stable economy fueled by natural resources, manufacturing, commerce, and tourism. The country also has a good human rights track record and nearly all personal freedoms are for the most part protected.
The island's formation was the result of a break in an ice shelf near Beringia a few thousand years before the Late Glacial Maximum. The island was formed by the deposit of sediments around the shelf as it shifted from Beringia down to its present location a few hundred miles west of California. Human settlement of the island was unintentional; a group of a few scores of indigenous Americans were believed to have been stranded on the island an estimated 1,500 years ago. The natives managed to build a modest civilization consisting of many moderately sized cities (the largest and most important being Nestem), though it is believed that an epidemic of avian flu eradicated the entire population of the island sometime in the 1400s. The island was rediscovered in 1806, two months after the end of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, by four American explorers: Jonathan Carraway, Eustace Kempton, Thomas Jennaviva, and George Dartervale. The explorers landed at the ruins of Adustelan, now known to be one of the lesser cities in early times, and settled along the shores of Adustelan Bay, in a small settlement known today as Kempton. Throughout the mid 1800s, settlements began to spread across the island. The nearby cities of Nestem, Incuba, and Vernindelan were re-inhabited and rebuilt, albeit at a much smaller scale as towns, as were the ruins of Sagemas (renamed to West Lakes). Other coastal towns, such as Hlixztown and Vallantburg, were also built by the late 1880s. The city of Adustelan would not be incorporated until May 8, 1897.
Tensions between the growing Carrawayan population and Washington, DC were high throughout the 1920s as the island received little benefit in America's era of economic prosperity, and its inhabitants were still not allowed to vote in American elections. An action by businesses and industries on the island to cut off all economic ties illegally with America led to an American invasion of the island in early June 1929, with the army seizing the cities of Adustelan, Incuba, and Nestem. However, a large militia amalgamated and led by former-American Lieutenant Gerard Vincenzo confronted the Americans on June 9 and formally declared that the island was theirs and theirs alone. After a day-long battle, the American army retreated, fearing to lose any more men. The United States, after much negotiation, would ultimately recognize the independence of Carraway Island on October 26, 1929. The Constitutional Convention of Carraway Island then congregated in the spring of 1930 in a field in East Kempton to draft the island's constitution, much of the wording of which was borrowed from the United States, though reworded to suit a smaller republic. The final draft was presented on November 8, 1931 and was signed by the mayors of five of the six major home-rule municipalities on the island: Nestem (Carl Barrymore), Adustelan (Harold Ehrmantraut), Incuba (Robert Walsh), Vernindelan (Gloria Vassaras), and Vallantburg (Samuel Lewis), though Thomas Delancey, mayor of the municipality of West Lakes, was not present at the presentation. The island was subsequently split into five counties: Barrymore, Ehrmantraut, Walsh, Vassaras, and Lewis (all five original settlements currently fall into either Ehrmantraut or Barrymore). The western and southern portions of the island would not see visitation or settlement until the mid 1930s, as the area was cut off by a mountain range that would later be named the Vassaras Mountains. Once the area was explored, the remnants of another ancient city known as Tipapelan were discovered on a nearby island by explorer Ben Haverford. After the city was reinhabited in 1936, the island which the city sat on was named Haverford Island .
In 1978, the city of Jan Beach, on the island's south shore, was planned as a gated city for the wealthy and upper-class, constructed by the Bluval Corporation, and not part of any county. However, in Carraway Island v. Bluval (1986), the Supreme Court in Adustelan ruled that building any municipality that is restricted to a certain socioeconomic class violates the island's anti-discrimination laws. Therefore, when the first stage of the city was completed in 1989, booths set up along roads for proving identification were left unmanned and the city has remained with open borders ever since, while still remaining an independent city until August 3, 2018. It was then absorbed into surrounding Barrymore County, becoming the county's largest city while Nestem was retained as the county seat.
Today Adustelan is the capital largest and most important city on the island (with Nestem being reduced to a small town), with nearly two-thirds of the island's population living in the city proper.
On March 30, 2015, sixteen members of a rogue terrorist group stormed the Elijah S. Crestman Memorial Hospital in Jennaviva, Adustelan and detonated several powerful explosives, destroying the hospital and leaving 239 dead and nearly 2,000 more injured. It was the worst attack ever on Carrawayan soil. A memorial and park commemorating the attacks opened on January 5, 2016.
Under the Köppen climate classification, much of coastal Carraway Island has a temperate Oceanic climate (Cfb) and experiences warm, but not hot, summers and cool winters. Precipitation is fairly common on the island, with the average Carrawayan city receiving about 130 inches of rain per year. Snow is possible in the winter, but is relatively rare (except for atop Mt. Draconleo), as air temperatures are mediated by the Pacific Ocean.
Severe thunderstorms are particularly common on the island, and tornadoes occur with a frequency of about four times per year nationwide, though most are either rated EF0 or EF1 on the Enhanced Fujita Scale.
The highest recorded temperature on Carraway Island was in Adustelan, where it reached 103 degrees Fahrenheit on June 30, 2012. The coldest recorded temperature was in Draconleo, at the base of Mt. Draconleo, where it was -12 degrees Fahrenheit on December 12, 1944.
Carraway Island's economy is mainly fueled by natural resources, manufacturing, commerce, and tourism. The island's unique geographic location, with an abundance of natural resources and a certain degree of isolation, while still being within a manageable distance of major Californian cities, allow for an incredibly diversified economic portfolio. This is particularly true in the City of Adustelan, which holds the rank of an Alpha- city.
The country's busiest stock exchange, the Holland Hill Stock Exchange, had a market capitalization of US$1.12 trillion as of 2016.
In 1976, the federal government of Carraway Island signed the Carrawayan Corporate Enterprise Embargo, banning all inherently non-Carrawayan companies from directly performing business on Carrawayan soil. This was made in an earnest effort to keep as much money in the country as possible, circulated through local enterprises. As years went on, the embargo gradually became counter-productive. Owing in part to the island's relatively small size, local companies and chains were in fierce competition with one another to maintain relevance with the island's population, and incredibly vague anti-trust laws allowed for the uninhibited creation of nationwide monopolies and near-monopolies (e.g. Bluval Corporation) in nearly every sector of the economy. This byproduct of unbridled capitalism caused the prices of nearly everything on the entire island to rise dramatically.
The Carrawayan Legislature unanimously voted to repeal the embargo in March 2005. The first international company to do business on Carraway Island was Subway, which opened its first Carrawayan restaurant on Amarillo Street in East Kempton, Adustelan that same month. Most sectors of the economy have since been diversified through the introduction of international businesses to the island, though the energy sector as a whole is still largely dominated by Bluval (independent gas stations and smaller chains typically work on a contractual basis with Bluval for gas importation).
Approximately 83% of Carrawayan residents own a car. Owning one becomes especially useful when traversing the island's interior as opposed to commuting near the shore, as there are relatively few modes of public transit on the island's interior. The Carraway Island Intercounty Limited Access Highway System connects several urban freeways on the island linking major metropolitan areas, mainly concentrated on the shores (though I-C21 does cut directly across the island).
Carraway Island's national rail network, dubbed TransVerq Railroad, serves nearly all major communities on the island, though accounts for a relatively small percentage of daily personal travel as the island's moderate size allows travel by car to and from cities to be relatively brief and hassle-free. Transport of cargo by rail, however, is extensive.
There are two major airports on Carraway Island. Adustelan-Tad Verq International Airport, constructed in 1983, is located in Adustelan and is the busiest airport by a significant margin on the island, connecting to several global cities. The smaller Jan Beach International Airport opened in 2004 and is located in Jan Beach. Several smaller municipal and general aviation airports exist in other communities around the island; the largest of these is Loening Field, also located in Adustelan.
Carraway Island was added to the North American Numbering Plan (NANP) in 1999 after previously having the country code 211. It is currently served by four area codes: 486 and 766 are overlay codes that cover the city of Adustelan, 953 is used for Jan Beach, and 322 covers the rest of the island.
Carraway Island's former 211 code was reassigned to South Sudan after becoming a recognized country in 2011.
As of 2014, Carraway Island consumes the equivalent of 4,785 kilograms of oil per capita per year, giving it the 22nd highest national rate of energy consumption in the world. Roughly 30% of this comes from oil and and 30% from natural gas, of which Bluval Corporation maintains a virtual monopoly on both (though Green Planet gas stations maintain a small share of the industry). About 15% is produced from coal, and the remaining 25% is derived from renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal. The island's unique location allows for an abundance of all four of these methods, though non-renewable sources still account for the majority of energy production. There is one nuclear power plant located in Incuba, but it has been decommissioned since 1987, due to the unlikely ability of the Carrawayan population to evacuate in the event of a meltdown. This was only considered after wave of nuclear paranoia that erupted after the 1986 Chernobyl incident.
A widespread blackout in January 2016 temporarily crippled the Carrawayan economy when the entire island was left without power for at least 14 hours, yet the metro Adustelan area was left with power unrestored for substantially longer.